Celiac disease is the most severe form of gluten sensitivity and affects only %0.7-1 of people.
According to a 2013 study, people living in America 1 in 3 is actively trying to avoid gluten.
Celiac disease gluten sensitivity the most violent and it affects only %0.7-1 of people (1).
However, a condition called “non-celiac gluten sensitivity” is also among the diseases (2).
People who do not have celiac disease against gluten negative reaction.
This is often addressed in relation to the issue of nutrition, and it is highly controversial for medical professionals.
This article examines in detail about gluten sensitivity and what you need to worry about.
What is Gluten?
Before we get into the details, let's first explain what gluten is.
Found in cereals such as gluten wheat, rye and barley protein He is a member of his family. Among the foods containing gluten wheat it is the most commonly consumed food.
When water and flour are mixed, gluten proteins crosslink to form a glue-like sticky web (5).
This is just like holding the wet dough with your hand.
Gluthe skin name is actually glue (glue, uhu) comes from similar products.
Gluten makes the dough elastic and traps gas molecules in it, allowing it to swell when it sees heat. It also gives a satisfying, chewy feel.
Result: Gluten is one of the basic proteins found in grain grains such as wheat. It has suitable properties for bread making.
There are several gluten related diseases
Direct and indirect related to wheat and gluten countless there is discomfort (6).
In celiac patients, the immune system contains gluten protein as a invader acts as a counter attack.
Moreover, when the immune system is exposed to gluten, it attacks natural structures in the intestinal wall, and this causes serious problems. Celiac disease due to this "self-attack condition" autoimmune diseases qualifies as (8).
Non-celiac gluten sensitivity has a different structure than celiac disease (12).
Although the way it works is not the same, many of its symptoms are digestive or irrelevant.13).
On top of that, it is rare and affects less than %1 of people. wheat allergy has (14).
Negative reactions to gluten include cerebellar ataxia (gluten ataxia) Is linked to many different diseases, including Hashimito thyroid, type 1 diabetes, autism, and depression (15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21).
Although gluten is not the main cause of these diseases, it can worsen symptoms in people with these diseases.
In many cases, the gluten-free diet plan has benefited from randomized controlled (scientific) studies, but more research is needed.
For more information, you should take a look at the references I gave above. These investigations, even if they have not been proven yet, it is real and should be taken seriously.
Result: Many ailments are linked to wheat and gluten. The most common are wheat allergy, celiac disease, and non-celiac gluten sensitivity.
What is Gluten Sensitivity Without Celiac Disease?
In recent years, gluten sensitivity is a very popular topic among public and scientists (2).
Simply put, people with gluten sensitivity have symptoms after gluten consumption and disappear when they switch to a gluten-free diet plan.
No change in the gut lining of people with gluten sensitivity, or an antibody against the body's own tissues, and these are the main features of celiac disease (12).
Unfortunately, the issue of how gluten sensitivity works has not been resolved precisely and requires extensive research. Genetic and immune system There is some evidence that it is related to (22).
There is no reliable laboratory test that can test gluten sensitivity, and diagnosis is usually made by treating other diseases in the body.
Below are the recommended diagnostic criteria for gluten sensitivity (23):
According to one study, only 1 in 4 of the patients diagnosed with gluten sensitivity were found to meet the diagnostic criteria (24).
Gluten sensitivity has many symptoms. According to the experiments, bloating, gas, diarrhea, abdominal pain, weight loss, eczema, erythema, headache, bone and joint pain, chronic fatigue, weakness and depression are among the symptoms. In addition, people with gluten sensitivity (and celiac disease) also have different symptoms, including frequent digestive problems, skin problems (acne) and neurological disorders (25, 26).
We do not have any serious information about how common (or rare) gluten sensitivity is seen. According to some studies, less than %0.5 of people have this disease, while other studies say that more than %6 people suffer from this disease (6).
Result: Gluten sensitivity is a negative reaction of gluten to people without wheat allergy or celiac disease. It is unknown how common it is.
According to a New Research, Wheat Can Also Cause Problems Other Than Gluten
According to a new study on gluten sensitivity, this is worth considering.
This experiment was performed on 37 people diagnosed with sensitive bowel syndrome and also gluten sensitivity from them (31).
The difference of this experiment from others is that it is made on people who have a diet that includes low levels of FODMAP (FODMAP nutrients are short-chain carbohydrates that cause digestive problems. For example: fructose, lactose, fructon).
Instead of wheat or cereal containing gluten, purified gluten Agreed.
In this experiment, purified gluten had no effect, except for the symptoms of depression seen in the other experiments that followed. This symptom needs to be investigated in more detail (21).
According to the results of this experiment, pure gluten has no problematic effect on humans. Individuals who are diagnosed with gluten sensitivity are more likely to be sensitive to FODMAP foods.
This experiment, by refuting the gluten sensitivity thesis and saying that gluten is harmless to people other than those with celiac disease. all over the world he announced himself.
But this is absolutely wrong. Try this showed is a big role in gluten in sensitive bowel syndrome the play but it is why FODMAP foods can be shown as.
This experiment also suggests that people with sensitive bowel syndrome are indigestible to wheat and should avoid supports.
The solution is actually as simple and effective as switching to a gluten-free and wheat-free diet.
Result: According to a recent study, the cause of digestive problems in sensitive bowel syndrome is the carbohydrate class called FODMAP, not gluten.
Gluten Sensitivity Really Exists But Brings Many Questions That Didn't Find the Answer
Gluten sensitivity is not just a bullshit that someone made up.
There are also tons of scientists, doctors and respected gastorenterologists who believe in the reality of gluten sensitivity.
The right thing about it is, everybody's There is no evidence to avoid gluten, and the gluten-free diet is now the trend among people.
Still, gluten (or wheat) sensitivity it is real and it causes problems in many people.
Unfortunately, this ailment is rather complicated and very few clear answers have been reached.
For some people, gluten and wheat may or may not be beneficial. The tastes and colors are indisputable on this subject.
But you personally find that wheat or gluten creates problems for you. If you believeYou don't have to wait for the researchers to prove it.
If it makes you feel bad, avoid consuming it. It's pretty simple. There is no vitamin in wheat or gluten that you cannot get from another healthier food.
Gluten-free instead of just gluten-free grocery products real prefer foods. Junk food is still unhealthy, even if gluten-free.
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